Green open access, sometimes called "parallel publishing" or "self-archiving", means that you publish a copy of your research article in an open archive, such as DiVA, simultaneously as it is published in a journal. The library can support you in this process.
Open access publishing came as a reaction to the substantial price increases of scholarly journals. Publishers found a way to earn substantial profits on highly prestigious scholarly journals that were indispensable for some institutions and researchers. Some of these "Must-have" journals had a yearly subscription cost of over 100,000 SEK. At the same time, Internet provided an alternative way to disseminate research results. Physicists were already in 1991 among the first to create a freely accessible archive, called ArXiv, where author versions of articles were posted before they were published in traditional journals.
An often proposed argument for open access is that if research is financed by public funds it should therefore be available for the public. Research at Swedish universities and university colleges should thus be parallel published in institutional digital archives like DiVA.
The conference “Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities", held in Berlin in 2003, was the starting point to a more organized movement to increase the access to academic publishing. The conference resulted in the Berlin Declaration (Berlin Declaration on Open Access) wherein the signatories undertake the task to encourage researchers the publish their results freely available on the Internet, to develop methods to assure quality online publishing, and work for Open Access to become a qualitative factor in evaluation and recruitment. In Sweden, the declaration has been signed by the Association of Swedish Higher Education (SUHF), the Swedish Research Council, the National Library of Sweden, as well as by several universities and university colleges.
Several research funders support the idea behind open access,that is, that research that they sponsor should be published in such a way that it will become available to as many as possible. Wellcome Trust is a big British research funder of biomedicine research that demands that all projects funded by them publish their results freely available.
The Swedish Research Council is in favour of open access and have signed the Berlin Declaration, but does not, as yet, require open access as a condition for the projects they support.
Publishers' policies differ and sometimes it can be difficult to apply in practice. To be able to publish an article in an open repository you have to know if the publisher allows it and under what conditions. Read more about copyright and publishing.
More about green open access in the Publication Strategy guide:
Content updated 2017-10-19