Authors: Yu-Hsin Hsieh, Mats Granlund, Ai-Wen Hwang, and Helena Hemmingsson


Eye-gaze technology provides access to a computer through the control of eye movements, thus allowing students with severe motor and communication difficulties to communicate and participate in curriculum activities and leisure; however, few studies have investigated whether any challenges exist to its implementation. This study examines the feasibility for teachers, parents, and therapists of applying an eye-gaze technology intervention for students with severe motor and communication difficulties in everyday
settings. A mixed-method design was applied, focusing on the acceptability, demands, implementation, and practicality of the technology applications. Data was collected from 16 participants who assisted five students using eye-gaze technology in a previous 6-month intervention. The intervention comprised (a) use of eye-gaze devices with individualized content; and (b) services including training in use, team meetings, and bi-monthly support on implementation problems. The results showed that the participants
perceived the technology as appropriate to enhance interaction and understanding of the students’ learning and communication messages. Portable and easy-to-adjust systems were crucial to apply eye-gaze technology in different contexts. Improving eye-gaze services was required to afford in-service education, follow-up services, and loaning programs for sustainable implementation. The facilitators and barriers could guide researchers and practitioners to enhance the implementation of eye-gaze technology.

This research is financed by: Stiftelsen Clas Groschinskys Minnesfond, Stiftelsen Kempe-Carlgrenska Fonden, Folke Bernadotte Stiftelsen, Helge Ax:son Johnsons Stiftelse, and inernal funding from Stockholm University.