Authors: Anna Ullenhag, Christine Imms, Dana Anaby, Jessica M. Kramer, Sonya Girdler, Jan Willem Gorter, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Reidun Birgitta Jahnsen, Catherine Elliott, Mats Granlund


In 2022, an international conference was held focusing on ‘participation’. We shared
current evidence, identified knowledge gaps and worked together to understand
what new knowledge and community and practice changes were needed. This brief
communication is a summary of the conference delegates' discussions. We present
the key assumptions we make about participation and propose what is needed to create
change for societies, communities, families and individuals. While we have some
robust evidence to support participation approaches, more is needed, and it is everyone's
responsibility to build an inclusive society where participation for all is the