• Surface/Interfacial phenomena of high-temperature melts (e.g., Marangoni effect)
  • Surface/Interfacial tension of high-temperature melts
  • Reaction between the high-temperature melts and solid/gas
  • Capillary phenomena (Penetration behaviour ) of high-temperature melts
  • Wetting behaviour of high-temperature melts
  • Segregation, grain boundary wetting and intergranular films
  • Metal/metal, metal/ceramic, metal/glass and ceramic/ceramic interfaces, and surfaces of high-temperature systems


  • Metals, Alloys
  • Oxides
  • Ceramics
  • Refractory
  • Slag


  • Theoretical study (e.g., Thermodynamic discussion)
  • Experimental study (e.g., Measurements, Advances in measurement techniques)
  • Modelling (Theoretical or based on experiments)
  • Simulation (e.g. CFD, Multi-physics model, Thermodynamic calculation)

Some examples of the related processes:

  • Additive manufacturing (AM)
  • Metal matrix composite (MMC)
  • Brazing/Joining
  • Laser cladding
  • Casting/Semi-solid metal casting
  • Materials processing by liquid-assisted techniques