Aronson's PhD research inquires into young immigrants' formation and maintenance of friendships. In the PhD research, both quantitative and qualitative methods are used. Aronson is affiliated with the projects LoRDIA and Familjens anpassningsstrategier.
Besides his PhD research, Aronson is interested in sociological theory development. He has previously performed research on adolescents' motivation to smoke tobacco in the face of smoking stigmatization.
Aronson's personal page on Research Gate can found at https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Olov_Aronson.