Agnieszka Kitkowska

Associate Senior Lecturer Computer Science


Agnieszka's doctoral research focused on the role of privacy concerns, individual characteristics of the decision-maker, such as personality types, and the influence of affective states on privacy attitudes and behaviors. During her postdoctoral studies, she worked on various projects, covering topics such as dark patterns, IoT in schools, digital health & well-being, privacy management among people living with chronic health conditions, and studies related to the COVID-19 pandemic and digitalization. 

Agnieszka's interests are in usable and transparent privacy displays and how to enhance them with different techniques acquired from HCI, psychology, and behavioral sciences. Moreover, she is interested in user research beyond the field of privacy and different methods that could be applied to it, ranging from qualitative user studies to quantitative methods. 


Agnieszka has a multidisciplinary background, with a Master's degree in Computing from Edinburgh Napier University, Scotland (HCD, digital markets, digitalization) and a Master's degree in History of Art and Culture from the University of Nicolaus Copernicus in Torun, Poland (specialization paintings). She holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Karlstad University. Her doctoral research was a part of the EU Privacy & Us innovative training network and focused on investigating privacy-related decision-making. 





Kitkowska, A., Alaqra, A., Wästlund, E. (2023). Lockdown locomotion: the fast-forwarding effects of technology use on digital well-being due to COVID-19 restrictions Behavior and Information Technology. More information
Shulman, Y., Kitkowska, A., Meyer, J. (2023). Informing Users: Effects of Notification Properties and User Characteristics on Sharing Attitudes International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 39(14), 2796-2824. More information
Kitkowska, A., Shulman, Y., Martucci, L., Wästlund, E. (2023). Designing for privacy: Exploring the influence of affect and individual characteristics on users' interactions with privacy policies Computers & security (Print), 134. More information
Kitkowska, A., Shulman, Y., Martucci, L., Wästlund, E. (2020). Psychological Effects and Their Role in Online Privacy Interactions: A Review IEEE Access, 8, 21236-21260. More information

Doctoral thesis

Kitkowska, A. (2020). Homo Varius: Investigating Intrinsic and Extrinsic Determinants to Explain Online Privacy Decisions (Doctoral thesis, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet). More information

Book chapter

Kitkowska, A. (2023). The hows and whys of dark patterns: Categorizations and privacy. In: N. Gerber, A. Stöver & K. Marky (Ed.), Human factors in privacy research (pp. 173 -198). Cham: Springer More information
Land, M., Giannoumis, A., Kitkowska, A., Mikhaylova, M. (2018). Article 22: Respect for Privacy. In: I Bantekas, M. A. Stein & D. Anastasiou (Ed.), The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: A Commentary Oxford: Oxford University Press More information
Kitkowska, A., Wästlund, E., Meyer, J., Martucci, L. (2017). Is It Harmful?: Re-examining Privacy Concerns. In: M. Hansen, E. Kosta, I. Nai-Fovino & S. Fischer-Hübner (Ed.), Privacy and Identity Management: The Smart Revolution (pp. 59 -75). Cham, Switzerland: Springer More information

Conference paper

Islami, L., Kitkowska, A., Fischer-Hübner, S. (2024). Inter-regional Lens on the Privacy Preferences of Drivers for ITS and Future VANETs. 2024 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2024 Hybrid, Honolulu 11 May 2024 through 16 May 2024. More information
Kitkowska, A., Ahlin, K. (2023). Improving Well-Being in Schools - Lessons Learned from IoT Experts. Amsterdam: IOS Press, 33rd Medical Informatics Europe Conference, MIE2023, Gothenburg, Sweden, 22-25 May 2023. More information
Kitkowska, A., Karegar, F., Wästlund, E. (2023). Share or Protect: Understanding the Interplay of Trust, Privacy Concerns, and Data Sharing Purposes in Health and Well-Being Apps. 15th Biannual Conference of the Italian SIGCHI Chapter: Crossing HCI and AI, CHItaly 2023 Hybrid, Torino 20 September 2023 through 22 September 2023. More information
Ahlin, K., Kitkowska, A., Wästlund, E. (2023). IoT for Health and Well-being: A case study and call for action. Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on PErvasive Technologies Related to Assistive Environments Corfu Greece July 5 - 7, 2023. More information
Kitkowska, A., Högberg, J., Wästlund, E. (2022). Online Terms and Conditions: Improving User Engagement, Awareness, and Satisfaction through UI Design. CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI’22), April 29-May 5, 2022, New Orleans, LA, USA.. More information
Kitkowska, A., Högberg, J., Wästlund, E. (2022). Barriers to a Well-Functioning Digital Market: Exploring Dark Patterns and How to Overcome Them. 55th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. More information
Alaqra, A., Kitkowska, A. (2021). Impact of Intrinsic Factors and COVID-19 Pandemic on the Use of Technology. CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Extended Abstracts (CHI '21 Extended Abstracts). More information
Kitkowska, A., Warner, M., Shulman, Y., Wästlund, E., Martucci, L. (2020). Enhancing Privacy through the Visual Design of Privacy Notices: Exploring the Interplay of Curiosity, Control and Affe. 16th Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security, SOUPS 2020; Virtual, Online; ; 10 August 2020 through 11 August 2020;. More information
Warner, M., Kitkowska, A., Gibbs, J., Maester, J., Blandford, A. (2020). Evaluating 'Prefer not to say' Around Sensitive Disclosures. CHI '20 Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Honolulu; United States; 25 April 2020 through 30 April 2020. More information
Kitkowska, A., Wästlund, E., Martucci, L. (2020). (In)escapable Affect? Exploring Factors Influencing Privacy-Related Behavioral Intentions. 53rd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS),Jan 07 - 10, 2020,Maui, Hawaii, United States of America. More information
Kitkowska, A., Shulman, Y., Martucci, L., Wästlund, E. (2020). Facilitating Privacy Attitudes & Behaviors with Affective Visual Design. 35th International Conference on ICT Systems Security and Privacy Protection - IFIP SEC 2020, 21-23 September 2020. More information
Fritsch, L., Tjostheim, I., Kitkowska, A. (2018). I’m Not That Old Yet! The Elderly and Us in HCI and Assistive Technology. Barcelona: University of Bath; Cranfield university; Northumbria university, Newcastle; University of Portsmouth, 20th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services (MobileHCI), September 3rd - 6th, 2018 Barcelona, Spain.. More information
Hatamian, M., Kitkowska, A., Korunovska, J., Kirrane, S. (2018). “It’s shocking!": Analysing the impact and reactions to the A3: Android apps behaviour analyser. Cham: Springer, 32nd Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Conference, DBSec 2018, Bergamo, Italy, July 16–18, 2018, Proceedings. More information
Kitkowska, A. (2018). Reaching Beyond Borders: Investigating Differences in Privacy Harms Concerns. CHI 2018 Workshop "Moving Beyond a One-Size Fits All Approach: Exploring Individual Differences in Privacy". Montreal, Canada.. More information
Kitkowska, A., Meyer, J., Wästlund, E., Martucci, L. (2017). Is It Harmful? Measuring People’s Perceptions of Online Privacy Issues. Thirteenth Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security,JULY 12–14, 2017. SANTA CLARA, CA, USA.. More information

Other publications

Kitkowska, A., Wästlund, E., Martucci, L. . Emotional Privacy: Explaining Privacy Behaviours with Affect and Personality Traits. More information
Shulman, Y., Kitkowska, A., Warner, M., Meyer, J. . Conceal or Reveal: Determinants of Disclosure Behavior andSelf-Presentation in Online Information Sharing. More information

Licentiate thesis

Kitkowska, A. (2018). Advancing Models of Privacy Decision Making: Exploring the What & How<em> </em>of Privacy Behaviours (Licentiate thesis). Faculty of Health, Science and Technology, Computer Science, Karlstads universitet More information